Psychobiology is a branch of psychology and it is one of the concepts of psychology which helps in the study of mental functions in relation to other biological processes. It may also be defined as the effects of cognition, emotions and the knowledge of animal physiology. Psychobiology also studies the biological behavior and the mental processes.
Psychobiology is the field is the combination of psychology and the neuroscience. Many psychology programs are under going in the alternate names which includes biopsychology, physiological psychology, behavioral neuroscience and psychobiology.
This also includes evolutionary and comparative psychology. If u want to know completely the field of biopsychology it is important to understand the biological processes, anatomy and physiology.
Psychoactive drug use recorded history. Hunter-gatherer societies are being likely to favor hallucinogenic drugs, and they can be seen in many tribal cultures. The use of drugs depends on the particular ecosystem they depend to live. The drug includes various hallucinogenic mushrooms, cacti along with many other plants. The societies normally attach spiritual significance with drug use and added the religious practices.
Physiological psychology is sometimes related to psychiatry. But this not universally accepted since official jargon, but the concept behind this is very clear and precise. Psychophysiology is the science between psychology and physiology.
Biopsychological has very special beliefs:
*Psychology is a lab based science.
*Psychology behavior can be elucidated through biological concepts such as heredity and diaphragm
*Psychology behavior has a mutative goal because human genes have been developed from altering to environment catalyst.Biopsychology roots was established when Charles Darwin proposed a theory called natural selection during his years. His observant knowledge demonstrates the conclusions of animals through his theory, which changed a strike in the world of science.
Biopsychology path believes that human behaviors are important of bio concepts. According to APA, (AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGY ASSSOCIATION) biopsychology is the only field where thoughts and behaviors are viewed from physical point.
A biological converts into psychology through different methods:
*Animal species are correlated so, therapist can understand the human act.
*Biopsychology also gains human genetics such as brain, diaphragm, and neurotic systems.
*Learning about how and what animals inherit from their parents, bio therapist inculcates the nature of heritage and heredity.
Advantages of Biopsychology:
*Accurate scientific technique.
*Many efficient functions.
*Developed many powerful treatments for disorders.
*Provides witness in support for nurture debate / nature debate.
Disadvantages of Biopsychology:
*Over simplified: Humans depend on many factors since this approach is over simplified and has more priority on biology.
*Deduction: This approach explains composite emotions, behaviors in terms of natural science.
Strengths and Weaknesses of Biopsychology :
Types of Biopsychology:
*Physiological Psychology: The manipulation of the brains of non human subjects in controlled experiments is used in the study of neural mechanisms of behavior.
*Psychopharmacology: Manipulating neural mechanisms with the use of drugs and by absorbing the effects on behavior.
*Neuropsychology: Observing effects of brain damage on behavior.
*Comparative Psychology: To explain the behavioral differences by comparing the biology of other closely related species.
*Cognitive Neuroscience: Cognition is linked with the interdisciplinary study of neural mechanism.
*Psychophysiology: General term for the study of the relationship between behavior and bodily changes.
*Psychneuroendocrinology: Hormones and behavior.
*Psychoneuroimmunology: Behavioral, neurological and immune factors and their relationship to the development of diseaseare included in the interdisciplinary area of study.
Career Opportunities in Biopsychology:
Nowadays people are interested in Biopsychology because it has more career options in this field. Some choose this field to work as research in university, some industry or drug agency. Others choose to work with patients who have some defect in brain or functional behaving.Some career specializations:
*Comparative Psychologist: Analyzes the behaviors of different species and compares them to each other and to humans.
*Evolutionary Psychologist: Checks out the mutative bases of behavior.
*Behavioral Neuroscientist: Evaluates the impact behavior of brain, nervous and other organ systems.
*Neurologist: Treats patients with damage or disease that affects the brain and nervous systems.
*Cognitive Neuroscientist: Looks into brain activity and scans to research how people think, learn, and solve problems.